How to Grow And Care for Air Plants

All air plants, called tillandsias, are from the Bromeliad family. As their name suggests, these plants don’t grow in soil. Tillandsias are epiphytes, growing on rocks, and shrubs and hanging on to tree trunks. Their native habitat is the forests, mountains, and deserts of south and central America, Where they hang in veils from tree branches. Air plants use their roots as anchors rather than to draw nutrients from the substrate. It’s easy to not think of them as plants because of their structure, but air plants need light and humidity like all other plants.

Neither from Spain nor a moss, Spanish moss is easy to care for and likes humidity and indirect light. Another wonderful specimen is the Guatemala, which you can mount in a hanging jar or hang from a hook.

NameAir plant
Botanical NameTillandsia
LightBright indirect
soilNo soil
FertilizerAdd a pinch of orchid fertilizer
Native areaSouth and Central America

How to Grow Air plants

If you want to grow an air plant, there are a few things you’ll need to do. First, you’ll need to find a pot that’s big enough to hold the plant and fill it with soil. You’ll also need to water the plant regularly and fertilize it once a month with plant food. Finally, you’ll need to keep the plant in a warm, shady place.

Air plant Care

To keep your air plants healthy, you’ll need to provide them with the right conditions. Gradually adjust the temperature and humidity levels to match the plant’s natural environment. Check the plant regularly for pests and diseases, and take appropriate steps if you see any problems.


Since air plants are commonly found growing under the forest canopy, they are used to receiving bright to medium indirect light. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight which can easily burn their delicate leaves.


Air plants need regular watering to stay hydrated, but different types of air plants prefer different watering methods. Some air plants can be successfully watered using a soaking method, where the plant is left to soak in a bowl of distilled water for 20 to 40 minutes every 1 to 2 weeks. However, other air plants prefer regular misting, or a quick dunk versus a longer soak. Researching the specific type of air plant that you have will help to determine which watering method is best.


There is a lot of debate over what level of humidity is healthy for air plants. Proponents of high humidity argue that it encourages healthy growth, while opponents say that too much humidity can be dangerous, leading to rot and other health problems.


To provide a temperature guide for air plants, it is important to understand their natural growing temperature range. Under natural conditions, air plants will generally experience a temperature range of 20 to 40 degrees Celsius.\ To provide a temperature guide for air plants, it is important to understand their natural growing temperature range. Air plants will generally experience a temperature range of 20 to 40 degrees Celsius under natural conditions.


air plants are intended to help growers provide the plants with the nutrients they need to survive and thrive. This fertilizer guide for air plants will help you provide the plants with the nutrients they need to survive and thrive.

Potting & Repotting

If you’re new to air plants, you may not know how to care for them. That’s okay! There are many different ways to pot and repot air plants, and this guide will show you how to pot and repot an air plant using two of the most common methods.

The first method is to use a pot with a divided bottom. This way, you can fill the pot with water and let the air plant stand in it, or you can place the pot in a saucer or tray and fill it with soil.

The second method is to use a jar or plastic container. You can fill the container with soil or water, and then place the air plant into the container. You can also place the container in a saucer or tray if you want.

What kind of soil is best for an air plant?

Air plants are unique in that they do not need soil in order to survive, but some air plants such as staghorn ferns, birds nest ferns, some species of moss, and some species of philodendron can adapt to grow in soil, though they require extremely arid, well-draining mixes in order to survive.

Is air plant good for indoor?

Depending on the specific air plant, some individuals may say that it’s best suited for indoor use, while others may say that it performs best outdoors. Ultimately, the best decision for an air plant’s care depends on the individual’s environment and preferences.

Types of Air Plants

Airplants are some of the easiest houseplants to maintain. Their simple roots and lack of water requirements ensure they thrive without much effort. Furthermore, their low-water requirement means they’re great choices for those who live in hot climates where watering is difficult or impractical.

The three types of air plants described below include;

Succulent Plants– Succulent plants have spines or thorns that help them anchor themselves to surfaces like rocks, tree branches, fences, and even concrete. These plants do well in arid regions and often need little maintenance. However, it is best not to allow succulent plants to dry out completely since this can cause root rot. If you find yourself unable to keep succulents watered regularly, consider adding pebbles or sand to create a shallow tray filled with moistened potting mix.

Cactus– As its name suggests, cacti only get moisture from rain, dew, misting, and fogging. Watering cacti frequently can lead to root problems so make sure to check the bottom of each plant periodically and remove any excess dirt and debris. If you notice brown spots appearing on the stems or leaves of your cacti, remove the affected area immediately. You should never cut off the top of a cactus since doing so will prevent the phoenix flower from emerging.

Epiphytes– Epiphyses are plants that reside on trees, rocks, buildings, etc. In the case of epiphytic plants, they take advantage of these surfaces instead of anchoring themselves directly to the ground. You may see many varieties of epiphytes growing alongside potted succulents at the garden center, and while they look good together, the two don’t necessarily work well together. While succulents require regular waterings, epiphytes will rarely need any. You may see them hanging suspended from ceilings in houses where they receive plenty of sunlight. Keep your eye out for epiphyte species that prefer shaded areas or high locations.

What are the different types of air plants?

There are many different types of air plants, each with unique properties and appearances. Here are four types of air plants you may encounter: Ferns: Ferns are the most common type of air plant and come in a variety of colors and shapes. They are popular for indoor plants because of their low maintenance requirements.

How To Propagate Air Plants?

Airplants need to be propagated using either cuttings or seedlings. Cuttings should be taken just before they break off if possible, but it’s no problem getting them early. You can use any type of air plant or cactus as long as the top half is green and not dry. Take the cutting off at its base and place it into a watertight container filled with a dampened mixture of potting mix and perlite (or some other loose material). Keep it moist until roots develop. If the cutting does not root, soak it again and try taking it out after it starts to rot. When the roots have developed, transplant the rooted cutting into individual pots or grow bags.

Seedlings require special care due to their fragile nature. Start with sterilized seeds, and keep them moist while germinating. Do not cover the growing area completely, only allow enough light to reach the seeds. The roots need space to stretch outwards and upwards, and you want nothing to block the natural progression of the shoot. Once the shoots begin to appear, remove anything blocking the light, water, or airflow. A misting system is also recommended to increase humidity.

If your air plant is still dormant, wait about 6 weeks before attempting to propagate. Wait until the top third of the stem turns yellowish-green, then take cuttings or seedling trimmings. Make sure the cut end is covered with a few drops of rooting hormone. After planting, water lightly and look for the first sprouts. Continue watering the plant regularly until the cut ends start to show signs of new growth.

Propagate Air Plants by Stem Cuttings

Airplants are simply cacti grown indoors without soil. Like any cactus, they do not need much water, sunlight, or care. However, for propagation purposes, they require some type of cutting material to create stems. The easiest way to propagate air plants is to use stem cuttings.

Stem cuttings are taken from dormant shoots (the tips) at the end of the growing season. These shoots have been stored away for many months, but now the time has come to harvest them. Simply remove these shoots from the container where they were kept, wipe off or wash the dirt off, and then gently remove the shoot tip while leaving the roots attached to the mother plant. Be sure to keep the root ball moist until planting. After placing the fresh propagates in their new home, mist the roots and transplant if necessary. Now the young plant should begin growing within weeks!

The best time to take stem cuttings is early spring before summer heats up. You want to avoid taking them after late fall or winter. If you wait till spring, you will get healthier, larger cuts instead of smaller ones. And if you wait till later in the year, the cuttings may dry out and become brittle.

If you live near a greenhouse or nursery, you might find yourself with access to an abundance of air plant cuttings ready to go. Otherwise, here are some places to look for cuttings:

  • local gardening stores;
  • botanical gardens;
  • nurseries;

You can expect to pay anywhere from $1-$10 per cutting depending on how big it is. If you’re lucky enough to have access to a greenhouse, you can buy cuttings in bulk. But remember, even if you buy a lot at once, each cutting still only represents one individual copy of the plant. So don’t worry about buying more than you need. That would just cost you money!

Once you start getting your hands dirty, cuttings should last around 6-12 weeks in an unheated greenhouse and can be planted outside once temperatures reach 70 degrees F.

Common pests

Air plants require consistent moisture throughout the growing season and during the winter months when temperatures stay below freezing. Airplants are susceptible to damage from pests in cold weather and humidity levels are low during the colder months.

Other common pests found in air plants include aphids, thrips, and mealy bugs. All these insects are easily controlled with sprays of water, soaps, and pesticides.

Common disease

Air plants are inexpensive houseplants that grow quickly in warm sunlight and emit oxygen all day long. They’re popular indoor plants for their ability to thrive both indoors and outdoors during cold weather months. Here are some common diseases for air plants.

  • Blackspot– Black spots may resemble tiny insects, but they actually aren’t bugs. These black areas usually form around the petioles (stem leaves), so it’s best to remove affected stems when you notice signs of damage. Try spraying with diluted dish soap or rubbing alcohol to dissolve the bacteria.
  • Blight- Blight causes leaf yellowing and premature death. Remove infected foliage immediately. To prevent blight, spray plants regularly with water and maintain evenly moist conditions and temperatures between 70°F and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Avoid overwatering.
  • Bacterial wilt– This bacterial disease causes wilting in the leaves as well as browning of the veins in the center of the leaves. Water thoroughly after removing damaged plant material. Don’t buy an air plant that shows signs of any type of disease or illness.


What are the benefits of owning an air plant?

There are plenty of benefits to owning an air plant, including providing a cooling and refreshing environment, adding a splash of color to a room, and being good for the environment.

What is the difference between an air plant and a cactus?

An air plant is a type of plant that derives its nutrition from the air around it. Cacti are a type of plant that derives its nutrition from the soil around it.

How do I choose the best air plant for my home?

If you’re looking for an air plant that can add a bit of visual interest and extra flavor to your home décor, then you may want to consider choosing a Mentha air plant. These plants are typically easy to care for, and they can brighten up any room in which they’re placed.