How to Care and Grow for Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria)

The Norfolk Island Pine is a unique species of pine tree that is native to Norfolk Island, an island in the South Pacific Ocean. The tree is known for its distinctive columnar shape and its ability to tolerate salt spray and strong winds. The Araucaria is the unofficial symbol of the island, and it is a popular tourist attraction. The tree is also grown as an ornamental plant in many other parts of the world.

The best way to bring a silver of the woods into your home is to find yourself a small pine tree. In their native habitat, These pine trees can grow up to 100 feet and more, but the plant is slow-growing, and when confined to a pot indoors, there is no fear of your ceiling being run through. Araucaria prefers cool and light conditions.

NameNorfolk pine, Norfolk Island pine, Australian pine
Botanical NameAraucaria heterophylla
SunlightFull sun; can tolerate shade
Native AreaNorfolk Island in the Pacific
Toxicitycats and dogs

Norfolk Island Pine Care

The Norfolk Island Pine is a popular houseplant that originates from Norfolk Island in the Pacific Ocean. It is known for its unique, triangular shape and its ability to thrive in indoor environments. While the Norfolk Island Pine is a relatively low-maintenance plant, there are a few things you can do to ensure it stays healthy and looks its best. Here are some tips on how to care for your Norfolk Island Pine:

  • Place the plant in an area that receives bright, indirect light.
  • Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry.
  • Fertilize the plant once a month during the spring and summer months.
  • Prune the plant as needed to maintain its shape.
  • Monitor the plant for pests and diseases and treat them accordingly.

Norfolk Island pines are interesting and elegant trees that make great houseplants. They are not, however, true pines and are more closely related to Araucaria species such as monkey puzzle and bunya-bunya. Norfolk Island pines are native to Norfolk Island, an Australian territory located in the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand, they are named for the Norfolk Island pine forests that once covered the island. The Norfolk Island pine is the island’s official symbol and is depicted on its flag.


Araucaria is easy to care for and makes great houseplants. They prefer bright, indirect light but can tolerate low light. They like to be kept moist but not wet, and prefer humidity. Norfolk Island pines can be propagated from seed, cuttings, or division.


The Norfolk Island Pine is a popular houseplant that originates from Norfolk Island in the Pacific Ocean. This tree is known for its vibrant green color and its ability to thrive in both direct sunlight and low-light environments. When growing a Norfolk Island Pine indoors, it is important to provide the tree with ample light. The best way to do this is to place the tree near a south- or west-facing window.


The soils of Norfolk Island are ideal for growing Norfolk Island pines. The climate is perfect for these trees, and the soils are rich in nutrients and moisture. These conditions allow the trees to grow to their full potential. Araucaria are known for their tall, straight trunks and dense foliage. They are a popular choice for landscaping and make an excellent addition to any home.

Araucaria prefers sandy, well-drained soils. They are not tolerant of salt spray or windy conditions. The trees do best in full sun but can also tolerate partial shade. When grown in containers, Norfolk Island pines need to be fertilized every two weeks with a balanced fertilizer.


The Norfolk Island Pine needs water to survive. Giving the tree enough water is important to keeping it healthy and preventing it from dying. Norfolk Island Pines are native to an area near Australia, and they prefer to live in humid conditions. If the air is too dry, the tree will start to drop its needles. Norfolk Island Pines can also suffer from too much water, which can lead to the roots rotting.

Temperature and Humidity

Norfolk Island Pine prefers cooler climates and will suffer if the temperature gets too hot. They should be kept in an environment that is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature gets too high, the leaves of the Norfolk Island Pine will start to turn yellow and fall off. If the temperature gets too high, the pine may stop growing and start to produce less oxygen.

The ideal humidity level for Norfolk Island pine trees is between 40 and 60%. The ideal humidity level for Araucaria trees is between 40 and 60%. These trees are native to Norfolk Island, which is located off the coast of Australia, and thrive in humid environments. If the humidity level drops below 40%, the tree may become stressed and its leaves may begin to turn brown and drop off.


When it comes to fertilizer, Norfolk Island Pine trees need a boost of nutrients during the spring and summer months when they are actively growing. During the fall and winter, Norfolk Island Pine trees go into a semi-dormant state and do not need to be fertilized as often. A good rule of thumb is to fertilize your Norfolk Island Pine tree every two to three weeks during the spring and summer and then every four to six weeks during the fall and winter.

When fertilizing your Araucaria tree, be sure to use a fertilizer that is specifically designed for use on evergreens. Also, be sure to follow the directions on the fertilizer label regarding how often to apply the fertilizer and how much to apply. Applying too much fertilizer can burn the roots of the tree and cause other damage.

Types of Norfolk Island Pines

There are several types of Norfolk Island pines, including the following:

  • Australian Pine: A native of Australia, this species can grow up to 150 feet tall. It has a straight trunk and spreading branches, and its needles are blue-green in color.
  • Cooks Pine: This species is native to the small island of Norfolk Island, off the coast of Australia. It can grow up to 80 feet tall and has a straight trunk with spreading branches. Its needles are blue-green in color.
  • New Zealand Pine: Also native to Norfolk Island, this species can grow up to 100 feet tall. It has a straight trunk and spreading branches, and its needles are green in color.


you may need to prune your trees from time to time. Norfolk Island pines can grow to be quite large, so it’s important to prune them properly to prevent damage to your home or property.

To prune a Norfolk Island pine, you’ll need to:

  1. Cut away any dead or damaged branches.
  2. Trim back any branches that are growing too close to your home or other structures.
  3. Cut back any branches that are interfering with power lines or other utilities.
  4. Remove any suckers or water sprouts that are growing from the trunk or base of the tree.
  5. shaping the tree by trimming back the branches to create the desired shape.

After you’ve finished pruning your Norfolk Island pine, be sure to water it well to help it recover from the stress of being pruned.

Potting and Repotting Norfolk Island Pine

If you have a Norfolk Island pine that has outgrown its pot, it’s time to repot. Follow these steps and your tree will thrive:

  • Choose a new pot that is only a few inches wider than the old one.
  • Add some fresh potting mix to the bottom of the new pot.
  • Gently remove your Norfolk Island pine from its old pot, taking care not to damage the roots.
  • Place the tree in the new pot and fill in around the roots with fresh potting mix.
  • Water well and place in a bright spot.

Your Norfolk Island pine will thank you for repotting it in a pot that is just a bit bigger than its old one. Be sure to use fresh potting mix and water well after repotting.


When the weather turns cold, many tropical plants must be brought indoors to overwinter. Norfolk Island pines are no exception. These beautiful evergreens make excellent houseplants, but they require a little extra care to keep them looking their best through the winter months. Here are a few tips for overwintering Norfolk Island pines.

  1. Bring your Norfolk Island pine indoors before the first frost.
  2. Place the tree in a bright, sunny spot.
  3. Water the tree regularly, but do not allow the soil to become soggy.
  4. Fertilize monthly with a balanced houseplant fertilizer.
  5. Prune back any dead or yellowing leaves.
  6. Keep an eye out for pests and diseases. If you see any problems, treat them immediately.

Following these simple tips will help your Norfolk Island pine thrive indoors all winter long.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Some of the most common pests that attack Norfolk Island pines are scale insects, aphids, and mealybugs. These pests can cause the needles of the tree to turn yellow and may eventually kill the tree if they are not controlled. Norfolk Island pines can also be susceptible to fungal diseases, such as black spots and powdery mildew, which can cause the needles to turn brown and fall off.

The Norfolk Island Pine is susceptible to a few different types of diseases. These include root rot, needle cast, and tip blight. Root rot is caused by a variety of fungi, and can lead to the death of the tree. A needle cast is caused by a fungus as well and results in the needles turning yellow and falling off. Tip blight is caused by a bacterium, and causes the tips of the branches to turn brown and die.

Common Problems

Norfolk Island pines are a popular type of houseplant, but they can be tricky to care for. Here are some common problems that people have with Norfolk Island pines:

  1. Not enough light. Norfolk Island pines need a lot of light to stay healthy. If your plant isn’t getting enough light, it will start to lose its needles and look unhealthy.
  1. overwatering. It’s easy to overwater Norfolk Island pines, which can lead to root rot. Be careful not to water your plant too often, and make sure the pot has good drainage.
  1. under watering. Norfolk Island pines also need a lot of water to stay healthy. If you don’t water your plant enough, it will start to lose its needles and look unhealthy.
  1. Pests. Norfolk Island pines are susceptible to pests such as aphids and spider mites. If you see pests on your plant, you’ll need to treat them promptly to keep them from causing further damage.
  1. Poor air circulation. Norfolk Island pines need good air circulation to stay healthy. If your plant is in a pot that’s too small or if it’s sitting in a place where there’s not much air movement, it could start to lose its needles and look unhealthy.


How big do Norfolk Island pines get?

Norfolk Island pines can grow to be quite large, sometimes reaching heights of over 100 feet. However, they are more commonly found reaching heights between 50 and 70 feet.

Are pine trees native to Norfolk Island?

No, pine trees are not native to Norfolk Island.

Can Norfolk pines live outside in winter?

Yes, Norfolk pines can live outside in winter provided they are in a location that does not experience freezing temperatures. They should also be in an area that receives full sun.